28 de septiembre de 2017

ENTRY #10 Discourse & Context in Language Teaching.

ENTRY #9 Thesis Statement

How to write a thesis statement?

  • What is a thesis statement?
  1. It' the single, specific claim that your essay supports.
  2. It includes a topic, a precise opinion and reasoning.
  • Parts of a thesis statement.
  1. The subject:  the topic of your essay.
  2. The precise opinion: the opinion of your essay.
  3. The blueprint of reasons: where you show your reader how you plan to argue and prove your opinion.
  • The thesis statement tells your reader:
  1. where you are going in your essay.
  2. how you plan in getting there.
  • When you are composing Thesis Statements, you need to know the following:
  1. Your topic: what your paper will deal with.
  2. Your claim: what you think about the topic.
  3. Reasons that support your claim: 3 points: a) Points at the beginning of the thesis statement. b) Points at the end of the thesis statement. c) Points listed in the sentences after the thesis statement. (You can also have a thesis with no points listed.) 

21 de septiembre de 2017

ENTRY #8 Literary Essay. Belonging to Segregated Minorities.



Belonging to segregated minorities.

   Elton John, Sting and Bono from U2 are recognized singers who are famous not only for their unique voices but also for their commitment to human rights. These artists are extremely concerned about people who belong to segregated minorities such as sexual, religious, political or even cultural ones. Furthermore, these singers are closely related to the organization Amnesty International, which is a global movement where people campaign for a world where human rights are enjoyed by all. Besides that, the three of them have captured these issues in the lyrics of their songs and in this way, they transmit awareness and encourage people to help people who belong to segregated minorities.

   In the song "Where the streets have no names" of U2, Bono reflects how people is isolated from the rest because of their belief, religion or income. "I want to tear down the walls, which hold me inside, I want to reach out" (Lines 3, 4, and 5). In Ireland, many cities are divided according to people wealth, values and mainly belief. As a result, knowing the address of a person in this country, you are able to know these facts. He promotes to stop isolating people who differs from the rest due to the standards established by society.

   Sting, in his song "An Englishman in New York" presents a harsh life of a gay author who moved from London to New York and reports his experiences as an outcast. This author, Quentin Crips defined himself as an "alien", "I'm an alien, I'm a legal alien, I'm an Englishman in New York." (Lines 9 and 10). Moreover, he was left aside for his customs and his homosexual lifestyle, "I don't drink coffee I take tea my dear. I like my toast done on the side. And you can hear it in my accent when I talk." (Lines 1, 2 and 3) he felt like he did not belong to the American society. For this reason, he suffered and he was ignored by other people, however, he tried to be happy and himself. "It takes a man to suffer ignorance and smile. Be yourself no matter what they say." (Lines 15 and 16). This lyrics reflect how people is been judged by their sexual orientation and how they are segregated.

   "All the girls love Alice" written by Elton John and Bernie Taupin represents a 16-year-old English lesbian who slept with married women, and also who was unaccepted by society. This young girl was seduced by naughty ladies, they said that they were in love with Alice but they forced her to keep the relationships as a secret due to the fact that they had husbands and their own families. "All the young girls love Alice Tender young Alice, they say If I give you my number Will you promised to call me? Wait till my husband's away." (Lines 9 to 13). Alice was found dead in the subway. "And it was only last Tuesday they found you in the subway dead." (Line 22) Once again, her sexual lifestyle set her apart from society.

   To conclude, these singers and their songs represent and reflect about the segregated minorities around the world. Differences among people make them feel like they do not belong to a group or even a place. However, the massage of these songs is transmitted and people should tolerate other people besides they have different thoughts.

·                     http://ejaf.org/ 
·                     https://www.looktothestars.org/celebrity/elton-john
·                     https://www.britannica.com/biography/
·                     https://www.looktothestars.org/celebrity/bono
·                     http://www.sting.com/biography
·                     https://www.looktothestars.org/celebrity/sting
·                     https://www.amnesty.org/en/
·                     https://youtu.be/ea95D2VJ7OU
·                     https://youtu.be/3FsrPEUt2Dg
·                     https://youtu.be/d27gTrPPAyk

12 de septiembre de 2017

ENTRY #7: From Paragraph to Essay.

  • Paragraph development by listing:   
This kind of paragraph contains a list of different ideas that are connected to one main idea. Moreover, it has a specific structure. First, there are paragraph introducers, a topic introducer, which stablishes the topic discussion, and a topic sentence, which defines and delimits the topic. Next, supporting examples are listed with the aim of connectors. Then, transitions or modulator sentenses are used between differents sets of ideas. Finally, a terminator sentence concludes the idea of the paragraph.


Relationship between Male and Female in Islam.
Relationship between male and female in Islam is not only so safe but also manageable taking into consideration the fact that it has three reasons. First of all, it just has some opportunities when male and female are able to get interaction; for example, when male and female are studying and when they are doing trade. Second, it has rules in their interaction; for example" they mustn't touch one another and they mustn't make something to make others desire, etc. The last reason is that it has flexibility when they are permitted to touch one another in their interaction. That is when they get a danger in which so long as they don't touch one another for holding someone to help, the danger will make someone dead. In short, relationship between male and female in Islam is managed very well to get safety and happiness in this world and hereafter.




This paragraph begins with a topic sentence that delimits the main idea of the paragraph. Moreover, it continues with three examples that support the topic and are connected by words such as first, second, last and so on. In this paragraph, the transition or modulator sentences are used in the three examples with a slightly difference in the first one, all of them create a pararrel construction. Finally, we can see a terminator that concludes the idea.

  • Paragraph development by examples:
This kind of paragraph is similar to paragraph development by listing. However, in this one the example sentences closely support the topic sentence.  


Sometimes children must perform important tasks within the family. Children can be of great assistance to their parents and other family members. For example, they may help by cleaning the household, washing dishes, taking care of pets, or through doing other chores. By doing these tasks, children are doing their part in the family and learning how to be responsible and prepare for life. Another example of children performing important tasks is the help they provide the parents while the parents are busy or working; the children might bring the parents something they need or answer the phone while the parents are busy. Children doing chores are helping take stress off their parents even by doing simple tasks such as taking out the trash. A final example is that as children get older, they may do more important tasks for the family, such as baby-sitting siblings, getting groceries, and mowing the lawn. These chores all help the family greatly and teach children valuable life lessons.




This paragraph begins with a topic introducer that followed by a topic sentence. Furthermore, it continues with several examples which are introduced by words suc as for example, another example or a final example. At the end, a terminator concludes the idea.
  • Paragraph development by comparison:
This paragraph compares two subjects and discuss how they are alike and lists a few examples. . There are two ways to write a paragraph, first, there is the point by point paragraph and there is the blocked paragraph. In the point by point, writing back and forth between the two subjects. First, talking about topic A. then talk about topic B., then right back to topic A. and so on. Finally, the block paragraph only discusses one topic and then finishes the paragraph with the other subject that is to be compared or contrasted with the first. Then the conclusion puts what your compairing or contrasting together.

ENTRY #6: Well Written Paragraph.

Summary of the video.

  • A paragraph is made up of a topic sentence, a body and a closing sentence.

  • Topic sentence: It refers to what you are reading about, in others words, what is the subject you are reading about.

  • The body: It contains all the supporting details and all the supporting arguments of the topic sentence.
  • 2 ways to order the body: 
  1. Order of importance.
  2. Chronology order.

  • The closing sentence: It has two functions:
  1. Remain the audience what they are reading about.
  2. Keep readers thinking after finishing reading.
  • The closing sentence restates the topic sentence by paraphrasing it. 

1. I saw around Velva a release from what was like slavery to the tyrannical soil, release from the ignorance that darkens the soul and from the loneliness that corrodes it. In this generation my Velva friends have rejoined the general American society that their pioneering fathers left behind when they first made the barren trek in the days of the wheat rush. As I sit here in Washington writing this, I can feel their nearness. (from Eric Sevareid, "Velva, North Dakota")

Good Work!

The answer Many politicians deplore the passing of the old family-sized farm, but I'm not so sure. is correct.
Sevareid argues that farming is destructive as a way of life, no matter what romantic notions are attached to it. He is not writing about the productivity of farms, about his own life story ("I grew up on a family-sized farm..."), and his main point is not that people moved away from the cities in the late the nineteenth century.

2. The first is the wear-and-tear hypothesis that suggests the body eventually succumbs to the environmental insults of life. The second is the notion that we have an internal clock which is genetically programmed to run down. Supporters of the wear-and-tear theory maintain that the very practice of breathing causes us to age because inhaled oxygen produces toxic by-products. Advocates of the internal clock theory believe that individual cells are told to stop dividing and thus eventually to die by, for example, hormones produced by the brain or by their own genes. (from Debra Blank, "The Eternal Quest" [edited]).

Good Work!

The answer There are two broad theories concerning what triggers a human's inevitable decline to death. is correct.
This paragraph is a straightforward description of two possibilities, neither of which is preferred over the other. In this case, it would be wrong to mention only one of the possibilities (the "internal time clock") in the topic sentence, or to treat it as a philosophical discussion of death itself ("we all must die..."). As for the biology professor, He or she might very well have given an interesting lecture, but that has nothing to do with the content of the paragraph.

3. The strictest military discipline imaginable is still looser than that prevailing in the average assembly-line. The soldier, at worst, is still able to exercise the highest conceivable functions of freedom -- that is, he or she is permitted to steal and to kill. No discipline prevailing in peace gives him or her anything remotely resembling this. The soldier is, in war, in the position of a free adult; in peace he or she is almost always in the position of a child. In war all things are excused by success, even violations of discipline. In peace, speaking generally, success is inconceivable except as a function of discipline. (from H.L. Mencken, "Reflections on War" [edited]).

Good Work!

The answer We commonly look on the discipline of war as vastly more rigid than any discipline necessary in time of peace, but this is an error. is correct.
The topic sentence must emphasise the comparative nature of the paragraph. Mencken does argue that soldiers need discipline, but this is not all he argues in this paragraph. Likewise, while soldiers may well serve an important function in wartime, and while they may well be able to compete well in peacetime, neither of these points is discussed in the paragraph.
4. In Montreal, a flashing red traffic light instructs drivers to careen even more wildly through intersections heavily populated with pedestrians and oncoming vehicles. In startling contrast, an amber light in Calgary warns drivers to scream to a halt on the off chance that there might be a pedestrian within 500 meters who might consider crossing at some unspecified time within the current day. In my home town in New Brunswick, finally, traffic lights (along with painted lines and posted speed limits) do not apply to tractors, all terrain vehicles, or pickup trucks, which together account for most vehicles on the road. In fact, were any observant Canadian dropped from an alien space vessel at an unspecified intersection anywhere in this vast land, he or she could almost certainly orient him-or-herself according to the surrounding traffic patterns.

Good Work!

The answer Although the interpretation of traffic signals may seem highly standardized, close observation reveals regional variations across this country, distinguishing the East Coast from Central Canada and the West as surely as dominant dialects or political inclinations. is correct.
It is not enough simply to list all of the arguments in the paragraph ("People in Montreal drive faster..."), or to pick only one point to hilight ("People in Calgary are careful of pedestrians"). Instead, the topic sentence should highlight the interpretative nature of driving habits and their regional variations. Since the paragraph stresses the differences among drivers in different parts of the country, it would be entirely wrong simply to state in the topic sentence that "Canadians do not follow traffic signals properly."